Beginner Floral Arrangement: Easy & Practical Tips
Written by  Daisie Team
Published on 8 min read


  1. Choose the right vase
  2. Selecting flowers and foliage
  3. Prepare your materials
  4. Arrange the foliage
  5. Add in the flowers
  6. Evaluate and adjust
  7. Care for your arrangement
  8. Common mistakes to avoid
  9. Practice makes perfect

Ever found yourself admiring a lovely floral arrangement and wondering how it came together? Or perhaps you're interested in learning floral arrangement to tap into your creative side. Well, you're in luck. This blog will guide you through the easy yet practical tips to get started on your floral arrangement journey. No need for a green thumb or years of experience—just a love for flowers and an eagerness to learn.

Choose the Right Vase

Now, before we get down to the nitty-gritty of arranging flowers, it's important to start with the right tools—in this case, the right vase. The vase acts as your canvas, the place where your floral artistry will come to life. So, choosing the right vase is the first step towards learning floral arrangement. And how do you do that? Here's how:

  1. Consider the size and shape: The vase's size and shape will determine how your floral arrangement will look. A tall, slim vase, for instance, is perfect for long-stemmed flowers like roses or lilies. On the other hand, a squat, wide-mouthed vase is great for short-stemmed flowers or a mix of flowers and foliage.
  2. Check the color and material: While a clear glass vase lets you show off the stems and adds a modern touch, a colored or ceramic vase adds a unique aesthetic appeal. Also, keep in mind that the vase color should complement the flowers, not compete with them.
  3. Don't forget practicality: A vase with a narrow neck is easier to arrange flowers in because it naturally holds the stems together. But it also makes water changes a bit more challenging. A wide-necked vase, while harder to arrange flowers in, is easier to clean.

Remember, there's no right or wrong choice here. It's all about your personal style and the look you're going for. So, go ahead, choose a vase that speaks to you and get ready to dive into the wonderful world of floral arrangement.

Selecting Flowers and Foliage

So, you've got your vase ready. Now, it's time for the stars of the show: the flowers and foliage. When learning floral arrangement, it's key to know how to select the right flowers and foliage for your arrangement. Here are some simple, practical tips to help you:

  1. Season and availability: It's always best to use flowers that are in season—they're easier to find and often less expensive. Plus, using seasonal flowers helps to set the mood for that time of year. Think tulips for spring, sunflowers for summer, chrysanthemums for fall, and poinsettias for winter.
  2. Color coordination: Choosing flowers in complementary or contrasting colors can make your arrangement pop. You can use a color wheel to help you find colors that go well together. Don't be afraid to experiment!
  3. Adding foliage: Don't forget about the greenery! Foliage adds texture and depth to your arrangement, and can help fill in any gaps. Ferns, eucalyptus, ivy—there are plenty of options to choose from.
  4. Variety is the spice: Use a mix of large, showy flowers (like roses or lilies) and smaller, filler flowers (like baby's breath or daisies) to add interest and balance to your arrangement.

In the end, the flowers and foliage you choose should reflect your personal taste and the feeling you want to convey. So, keep an open mind, and let your creativity flow as you continue learning floral arrangement.

Prepare Your Materials

Once you've picked out your flowers and foliage, the next step in learning floral arrangement is gathering and preparing your materials. Here's what you'll need:

  1. Pruning shears: A good pair of pruning shears is indispensable. They'll help you trim stems and branches cleanly and easily. Just be sure to keep them sharp—dull blades can damage your plants.
  2. Floral foam: Also known as oasis, this stuff is a lifesaver. It helps keep your flowers and foliage in place, and it also helps keep them hydrated. You'll need to soak it in water before you use it.
  3. Waterproof Tape: This is used to create a grid on the opening of your vase, which will help keep your flowers in place. Trust me, it's a game-changer.
  4. Floral preservative: You can find this at most garden centers, and it's great for helping your flowers last longer. Just add it to the water in your vase.
  5. Bucket of water: This is where you'll keep your flowers before you're ready to arrange them. It keeps them fresh and hydrated.

Remember, preparation is key when learning floral arrangement. Having all your materials ready beforehand will make the arranging process smoother and more enjoyable. So, take a few minutes to gather your tools, and then you'll be ready to start arranging!

Arrange the Foliage

With your materials ready, it's time to dive into the heart of learning floral arrangement—arranging the foliage. This forms the base of your arrangement and lays the foundation for your flowers.

  1. Start with the greenery: These are your leafy branches and stems, and they will form the backbone of your arrangement. Think of it like a skeleton, providing support for the rest of your arrangement. Trim them to the height you want, and arrange them in your vase, creating a balanced shape.
  2. Fill in with additional foliage: Next, you'll want to fill in the gaps with additional foliage. This could be things like ferns, ivy, or eucalyptus. They add texture and volume to your arrangement, making it lush and full. Remember to vary the heights and sizes for a more natural look.
  3. Consider the direction: Pay attention to the direction your foliage is facing. It should all be pointing outwards, creating a sort of dome shape. This will make your arrangement look full and balanced, and it will give your flowers a beautiful backdrop.

Arranging the foliage might seem like a small step, but it's actually one of the most important parts of learning floral arrangement. It sets the stage for your flowers, and it can make or break the overall look of your arrangement. So take your time, be patient, and remember—practice makes perfect!

Add in the Flowers

Now, the moment you've been waiting for in your journey of learning floral arrangement—adding the flowers! It's like the icing on a cake; it brings everything together and adds that wow factor. Here's how to do it:

  1. Pick your focal flowers: These are your showstoppers, the flowers that attract attention. They're usually the biggest or most colorful flowers in your arrangement. Roses, lilies, or sunflowers are all great choices. Place them in the center of your arrangement to draw the eye.
  2. Add your secondary flowers: These flowers complement your focal flowers. They're usually smaller and less flashy, but they add depth and interest to your arrangement. Consider flowers like carnations, chrysanthemums, or daisies. Arrange them around your focal flowers, filling in any gaps.
  3. Don't forget the filler flowers: These are small, often clustered flowers that fill in the spaces between your main and secondary flowers. Think baby's breath or wax flowers. They add texture and density to your arrangement, making it feel lush and full.
  4. Check your arrangement from all angles: As you're adding your flowers, remember to step back and look at your arrangement from all sides. This will help you see if there are any gaps or if any flowers are sticking out awkwardly.

Adding the flowers is the most satisfying part of learning floral arrangement. It's where your arrangement really comes to life. And remember, there's no right or wrong way to do it. It's all about what looks good to you. So go ahead, get creative, and have fun!

Evaluate and Adjust

You've put in your flowers—great job! But wait, you're not quite done with your learning floral arrangement journey. There's one more crucial step: evaluation and adjustment. Now, don't panic; this isn't a pop quiz, it's more like a self-check. Here's what you need to do:

  1. Step back and look: Take a step back and look at your floral arrangement. How does it look from a distance? Does it look balanced? Are the colors distributed evenly? Sometimes, when you're up close and arranging, it's hard to see the whole picture. So take a moment to admire your work from afar.
  2. Look at it from different angles: Don't just look at your arrangement from the front; view it from all sides. This will help you spot any gaps or awkward placements that you might have missed earlier.
  3. Adjust as needed: If you notice that a flower is sticking out too much or there's a gap in your arrangement, don't be afraid to adjust. Move the flowers around, add or remove some, until you're happy with your arrangement.

Remember, learning floral arrangement is all about trial and error. Don't be afraid to make adjustments. Even professional florists tweak their arrangements until they get them just right. So, keep tweaking until your arrangement looks perfect to you!

Care for Your Arrangement

Learning floral arrangement doesn't stop at creating a visually pleasing display. To keep your flowers looking fresh and vibrant, you need to care for your arrangement properly. So, here are some easy tips to help you do just that:

  1. Water regularly: Your flowers need water to stay fresh. Make sure to top up the water in your vase every day. Just like you, flowers get thirsty too.
  2. Keep away from heat: Flowers may love the sun, but too much heat can cause them to wilt quickly. So, try to keep your arrangement in a cool, shady spot.
  3. Trim the stems: Every couple of days, take your flowers out of the vase and give the stems a quick trim—about an inch should do. This helps the flowers absorb water better.

With these simple care tips, your floral arrangement will stay fresh and beautiful for longer. Remember, part of learning floral arrangement is knowing how to care for your creations. After all, you've put in the effort to create it—now let's make it last!

Common Mistakes to Avoid

While learning floral arrangement, it's natural to make a few slip-ups. But don't worry, we've all been there. Here are some common floral arrangement mistakes and how you can avoid them:

  1. Overcrowding: It's easy to get carried away and squeeze in one too many flowers in your vase. Remember, flowers need space to breathe, just like us. So, give them some room.
  2. Ignoring height and balance: Avoid making your arrangement too tall or too short for its vase. Aim for a height that's one and a half times the height of your vase. And remember, balance doesn't always mean symmetry!
  3. Forgetting about the water: We mentioned this earlier, but it's worth repeating: change the water daily. Your flowers will thank you for it.

Learning floral arrangement is about trial and error. So, if you've made these mistakes before, don't fret! Now you know what to watch out for in your next arrangement.

Practice Makes Perfect

Learning floral arrangement might seem a bit daunting at first. Just like learning to play an instrument or mastering a new recipe, it's a skill that gets better with time. It's all about practice, patience, and a willingness to learn from your mistakes.

Think of your first few arrangements as your rehearsals. They might not be perfect, but they're stepping stones on your journey to becoming a floral arrangement pro. Don't be disheartened if your initial attempts don't turn out as you hoped. Keep going!

Tips and guidelines are great, but nothing beats hands-on experience. Each flower behaves differently, and each vase offers new challenges and opportunities. The more you arrange, the more you'll understand the quirks and characteristics of different flowers and how they interact with each other in an arrangement.

So, pick up those shears, get your flowers and start arranging. Remember, every great floral designer started exactly where you are now. Happy arranging!

If you enjoyed our beginner floral arrangement tips and want to explore the world of botanical illustration, we recommend checking out the workshop 'Finding Your Illustration Style' by Florencia Fuertes. In this workshop, you'll learn how to develop your unique illustration style while incorporating beautiful botanical elements into your artwork.