How to Read Crypto Charts: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners
Written by  Daisie Team
Published on 9 min read


Understanding Crypto Charts

Chart Timeframes

Technical Indicators

Chart Patterns

Using Trading Platforms

Developing a Trading Strategy

If you've ever wondered how to read crypto charts, you've come to the right place. In this comprehensive guide, we'll walk you through everything you need to know about reading crypto charts, from understanding different chart types to identifying patterns and using trading platforms. So, let's dive in and start making sense of those charts!

Understanding Crypto Charts

Before we explore how to read crypto charts, it's important to understand the different types of charts available. There are three main chart types used in cryptocurrency trading: candlestick charts, line charts, and bar charts. Each type offers unique insights into the market, so let's take a closer look at each one.

Candlestick Charts

Candlestick charts are the most popular type of chart in crypto trading, and for good reason. They provide a wealth of information at a glance, allowing you to quickly assess market trends, price movements, and market sentiment. Here's what you need to know:

  • Green and red candles: Green candles represent a price increase, while red candles indicate a price decrease during a specific time frame.
  • Body and wicks: The body of the candle shows the opening and closing prices, while the wicks (thin lines) represent the highest and lowest prices during that time frame.
  • Patterns: Candlestick charts are known for their unique patterns, which can help predict future price movements. We'll dive deeper into patterns later in this guide.

Line Charts

Line charts are the simplest type of chart and are great for getting a quick overview of price trends. They connect the closing prices of a specific time frame with a line, making it easy to visualize overall market movement. While they don't provide as much detail as candlestick charts, line charts can be a helpful starting point for beginners learning how to read crypto charts.

Bar Charts

Bar charts are similar to candlestick charts, but they use vertical bars instead of candles to represent price movements. Each bar shows the open, high, low, and close prices for a specific time frame. While not as visually appealing as candlestick charts, bar charts still offer valuable insights for traders who know how to read crypto charts.

Now that you have a basic understanding of the different types of charts, let's move on to chart timeframes and how they impact your analysis.

Chart Timeframes

When learning how to read crypto charts, it's essential to understand the importance of chart timeframes. Timeframes represent the duration of each data point on a chart, and they can range from minutes to weeks. The timeframe you choose will depend on your trading style and personal preferences. Let's explore the three most common timeframes: intraday charts, daily charts, and weekly charts.

Intraday Charts

Intraday charts display data points within a single trading day, making them ideal for short-term traders and day traders. These charts can have timeframes as short as 1 minute, allowing you to closely monitor price movements and make quick decisions. However, keep in mind that shorter timeframes can also lead to increased market noise, making it more difficult to identify clear trends.

Daily Charts

Daily charts represent the data points for each trading day, providing a broader view of market trends and price movements. This makes them suitable for medium-term traders or those looking to gain a general understanding of market sentiment. Daily charts offer a good balance between granularity and clarity, making them a popular choice for those learning how to read crypto charts.

Weekly Charts

Weekly charts compile data points for each week, offering a long-term perspective on market trends and price movements. These charts are ideal for long-term investors or traders who want to analyze the big picture. While weekly charts may not be suitable for short-term decision making, they can help you identify overarching trends and potential opportunities in the market.

Now that we've covered chart types and timeframes, let's dive into the world of technical indicators to further enhance your crypto chart analysis skills.

Technical Indicators

Technical indicators are mathematical calculations applied to historical price and volume data, helping traders identify market trends, potential reversals, and entry or exit points. As you learn how to read crypto charts, mastering these indicators can give you an edge in the market. Let's take a look at three popular technical indicators: moving averages, relative strength index (RSI), and Bollinger Bands.

Moving Averages

Moving averages are a popular tool used to smooth out price fluctuations and identify trends. There are two main types of moving averages:

  1. Simple Moving Average (SMA): calculated by taking the average closing price of a cryptocurrency over a specified number of time periods.
  2. Exponential Moving Average (EMA): similar to the SMA, but it gives more weight to recent price data, making it more responsive to recent price changes.

When the price is above the moving average, it suggests an upward trend, while a price below the moving average indicates a downward trend. Additionally, when a shorter-term moving average crosses above a longer-term moving average, it's known as a "golden cross," signaling a potential bullish trend. Conversely, a "death cross" occurs when a shorter-term moving average crosses below a longer-term moving average, suggesting a bearish trend.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a momentum indicator that measures the speed and magnitude of price movements. RSI values range from 0 to 100, with values above 70 indicating overbought conditions and values below 30 suggesting oversold conditions. This can help you recognize potential reversals in the market, as overbought or oversold conditions often precede price corrections.

Bollinger Bands

Bollinger Bands are a volatility indicator consisting of three lines: a simple moving average (middle band), an upper band, and a lower band. The upper and lower bands are typically set two standard deviations away from the middle band, adjusting to market volatility. When the bands widen, it indicates increased volatility, while narrowing bands suggest decreased volatility.

Traders often use Bollinger Bands to identify potential entry and exit points. For example, when the price touches the lower band, it may be a good opportunity to buy, assuming the price will rebound. Conversely, when the price reaches the upper band, it could signal a selling opportunity, anticipating a price reversal.

Armed with these technical indicators, you're well on your way to mastering how to read crypto charts. Let's move on to chart patterns to further refine your analysis skills.

Chart Patterns

Chart patterns are recognizable formations that appear in price charts, helping traders predict future price movements. By learning to recognize and interpret these patterns, you can make more informed trading decisions. Let's explore three common chart patterns: head and shoulders, double top and double bottom, and triangles and wedges.

Head and Shoulders

The head and shoulders pattern is a popular reversal pattern, signaling a potential shift from an uptrend to a downtrend. It consists of three peaks: a higher peak (head) between two lower peaks (shoulders). The line connecting the lows of the shoulders is called the "neckline." When the price breaks below the neckline, it signals a potential sell opportunity.

Conversely, an "inverse head and shoulders" pattern indicates a potential shift from a downtrend to an uptrend, with the head being the lowest point and the shoulders being higher. In this case, a break above the neckline signals a potential buy opportunity.

Double Top and Double Bottom

Double top and double bottom patterns are another set of reversal patterns. A double top pattern forms when the price reaches a high point twice, failing to break through a resistance level. This pattern suggests a potential shift from an uptrend to a downtrend, with a sell signal triggered when the price breaks below the support level connecting the lows between the two peaks.

On the other hand, a double bottom pattern forms when the price reaches a low point twice, failing to break through a support level. This pattern indicates a potential shift from a downtrend to an uptrend, with a buy signal triggered when the price breaks above the resistance level connecting the highs between the two troughs.

Triangles and Wedges

Triangles and wedges are continuation patterns, signaling a pause in the current trend before resuming in the same direction. Triangles can be classified into three types:

  1. Ascending triangle: formed by a horizontal resistance line and an upward-sloping support line. This pattern is generally considered bullish, with a breakout above the resistance signaling a buy opportunity.
  2. Descending triangle: formed by a horizontal support line and a downward-sloping resistance line. This pattern is generally considered bearish, with a breakout below the support signaling a sell opportunity.
  3. Symmetrical triangle: formed by converging support and resistance lines, both sloping towards each other. The breakout direction is uncertain, but traders can look for a break above or below the pattern to signal a potential trading opportunity.

Wedges are similar to triangles but have both support and resistance lines sloping in the same direction. Rising wedges are generally considered bearish, while falling wedges are seen as bullish.

With a solid understanding of chart patterns, you're well-equipped to analyze crypto charts and make informed trading decisions. Next, let's explore some popular trading platforms where you can apply these skills.

Using Trading Platforms

Trading platforms are essential tools for buying, selling, and managing your cryptocurrency investments. They offer various features, such as advanced charting tools and access to technical indicators, to help you effectively read crypto charts and make informed decisions. Let's discuss three popular platforms: Binance, Coinbase, and Kraken.


Binance is one of the largest and most popular cryptocurrency exchanges, offering a wide range of trading pairs and advanced charting tools. With Binance, you can:

  • Customize your chart layout, choosing between candlestick, line, or bar charts
  • Apply technical indicators like moving averages, RSI, and Bollinger Bands
  • Set price alerts and conditional orders, such as stop-loss and take-profit orders
  • Access educational resources to improve your understanding of crypto charts and trading strategies


Coinbase is a user-friendly platform, ideal for beginners looking to buy, sell, and store cryptocurrencies. While it may not have as many advanced charting features as Binance, Coinbase still offers:

  • Basic charting tools, including line and candlestick charts
  • A simple interface for tracking your portfolio's performance
  • Access to a wide range of cryptocurrencies for trading
  • Educational resources to help you learn how to read crypto charts and make informed decisions


Kraken is another popular cryptocurrency exchange, offering a variety of trading pairs and advanced charting tools. With Kraken, you can:

  • Customize your chart layout and choose between various chart types
  • Apply technical indicators to help you analyze price movements
  • Use advanced order types, such as stop-loss and take-profit orders
  • Access educational resources to enhance your crypto trading skills

Now that you're familiar with some popular trading platforms, it's time to focus on developing a trading strategy that suits your goals and risk tolerance.

Developing a Trading Strategy

Creating a solid trading strategy is crucial for success in the world of cryptocurrency. A well-planned strategy considers risk management, technical analysis, and fundamental analysis. Let's dive into each of these components and how they can help you read crypto charts effectively.

Risk Management

Risk management is an essential aspect of any trading strategy. It helps you protect your investment by limiting potential losses and maximizing gains. Some key risk management practices include:

  • Setting stop-loss orders to automatically sell if the price falls below a certain level
  • Allocating a fixed percentage of your portfolio to each trade
  • Regularly reviewing your strategy and adjusting it based on market conditions
  • Keeping emotions in check and avoiding impulsive decisions

Technical Analysis

Technical analysis involves examining past price movements and patterns to predict future trends. By learning how to read crypto charts and apply technical indicators, you can gain valuable insights into market sentiment and potential price direction. Some popular technical analysis tools include:

  • Moving averages, which help identify trends and potential support or resistance levels
  • Relative Strength Index (RSI), which measures the momentum of price movements
  • Bollinger Bands, which can help identify periods of high volatility and potential trend reversals
  • Chart patterns, such as head and shoulders, double top and double bottom, and triangles and wedges, which can indicate potential price movements

Fundamental Analysis

While technical analysis focuses on price patterns and indicators, fundamental analysis takes a broader approach, considering factors that can impact the underlying value of a cryptocurrency. Some key aspects of fundamental analysis include:

  • Assessing the technology and utility of the cryptocurrency
  • Evaluating the team behind the project and their ability to execute
  • Monitoring news and developments, such as partnerships, regulatory changes, and market sentiment
  • Comparing the cryptocurrency's market capitalization to its competitors

By combining risk management, technical analysis, and fundamental analysis, you can create a comprehensive trading strategy that helps you make informed decisions and effectively read crypto charts. Remember to stay disciplined, adapt to market conditions, and continuously learn to improve your skills.

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