Web3 Explained: In-Depth Guide to Internet's Future
Written by  Daisie Team
Published on 10 min read


  1. What is Web3?
  2. Evolution of the Internet
  3. Web3 versus Web2
  4. Features of Web3
  5. How to access Web3?
  6. Blockchain and Web3
  7. Web3 Applications
  8. Challenges and opportunities with Web3
  9. Web3 and the future of the Internet

Picture this — you're browsing the internet, but instead of being just a user, you're an active participant who owns and controls your own data. Sounds like a dream, doesn't it? Well, welcome to the world of Web3, the next generation of the internet that's set to revolutionize our online experience. Now, let's get down to the nitty-gritty: what is Web3?

What is Web3?

Web3, also known as Web 3.0, is the future of the internet. Instead of a centralized system, like we have with today's internet (known as Web2), Web3 is a decentralized network. This means that control isn't in the hands of a few big companies, but rather, it's shared by everyone who uses it. If you're thinking, "Wow, that sounds super technical," don't worry — you're not alone. Here's a simple breakdown:

  • Decentralized: In Web3, there's no central authority. Think of it like a potluck dinner. Instead of one person (or company) providing all the food, everyone brings a dish to share. This way, no single person has control over the entire meal.
  • User control: With Web3, you own and control your own data. You decide who can access it and how it can be used. It's like having your own personal vault for your online information.
  • Peer-to-Peer interaction: Web3 allows direct interactions between users, without the need for middlemen. Imagine if you could message your friend directly, without needing to go through a messaging app like WhatsApp or Facebook Messenger.

Web3 represents a shift towards a more democratic and user-centric version of the internet. The keyword here is 'democratic'. It's like the internet has gone from being a monarchy, with a king or queen in charge, to being a democracy, where power is shared by everyone. So, when someone asks "what is Web3?", you can confidently say it's the future of the internet — an internet that values and prioritizes the user.

Evolution of the Internet

Ever wondered how the internet journeyed from being a complex military experiment to the user-friendly platform we enjoy today? Strap in, because we're about to take a time-travel trip to explore the evolution of the internet.

Our journey begins in the 1960s with the birth of the internet, also known as Web1. This was a time when the internet was like a newborn baby — it couldn't do much on its own and needed a lot of help. All it could do was display static pages and basic information. Imagine opening your browser and only being able to read text — no videos, no interactive content, just plain old text. Sounds pretty dull, doesn't it?

Fast forward to the early 2000s, and Web2 — the teenager of the internet — was born. This version of the internet was more interactive, allowing us to share content, make online purchases, and even connect with others on social media platforms. It was like the internet had grown up and was now a fun-loving teenager, ready to explore new experiences.

Now, we're at the cusp of the Web3 era — the matured adult of the internet. Web3 is all about decentralization, user control, and peer-to-peer interaction. It's like the internet has finally grown up, ready to take on responsibilities and make a difference in the world.

The evolution of the internet is a lot like growing up. From a helpless baby (Web1), to an adventurous teenager (Web2), to a responsible adult (Web3) — the internet has truly come a long way. And as we stand on the threshold of this new era, the question on everyone's mind is: "what is Web3?" and "what does it have in store for us?"

Well, stick around, because we're about to dive into the world of Web3!

Web3 versus Web2

Alright, we've got our time-travel helmets on and we've seen the internet grow up. Now, let's take a closer look at the differences between Web2 and Web3. It's like comparing apples and oranges, both are fruits but bring different flavors to the table.

Web2 is like that popular kid in school who owns all the cool stuff — think Facebook, Google, and Amazon. These giants control all the data, and they decide what we see and what we don't. It's like they have the keys to the internet, and we're just guests in their house.

Now, imagine if we all had our own keys. Imagine if we could decide what we wanted to see, and no one could take that control away from us. That's what Web3 promises to do.

In this new era, you are the boss. You control your data, and you decide how it's used. No more relying on intermediaries or gatekeepers. In Web3, it's all about peer-to-peer interaction and user control. Sounds pretty cool, right?

But that's not all. Web3 also introduces the concept of "smart contracts" — kind of like digital agreements that can't be broken or tampered with. It's like having a super reliable friend who always keeps their promises.

Web3 is not just a new version of the internet. It's a whole new paradigm. It's about taking back control and shaping the internet to suit our needs. So, when someone asks you, "what is Web3?" you can now confidently say, "It's the future of the internet."

But how can you access this new version of the internet? Well, let's find out in the next section!

Features of Web3

Now that we've compared Web2 and Web3, let's dive into some of the key features that make Web3 so exciting. It's a bit like exploring a theme park — there's so much to see and do!

First up, decentralization. This means that no single entity controls the network. It's like a potluck dinner where everyone brings a dish. This way, no single person is responsible for feeding everyone, and we all get to enjoy a variety of dishes. In Web3, data is stored across many different computers, making it more secure and reliable.

Next, we have user control. In Web3, you're not just a passive consumer. You're an active participant who can control and manage your own data. It's like being the captain of your own ship — you decide where to go and what to do.

Then there's interoperability. This is a fancy word for saying that different parts of Web3 can work together seamlessly. Just like puzzle pieces fitting together, different Web3 applications can connect and interact with each other.

Finally, there's openness. Web3 is based on open-source software, which means that anyone can look at how it's built and contribute to it. It's like a community garden where everyone can plant, water, and harvest.

So, those are some of the key features that define Web3. But what does this mean for you and me? Well, it means that we'll have more control, more security, and more ways to interact on the internet. Sounds like a bright future, doesn't it?

How to access Web3?

Okay, so we've touched on what Web3 is and some of its standout features. Now, you might be wondering: "How do I get in on this? How can I access Web3?" Well, let's get you started.

First off, you'll need a Web3 browser. This isn't your usual Google Chrome or Safari. It's a special browser that can connect to the Web3 network. Some popular choices include Metamask, Brave, or Status. It's like getting a key to a special club!

Next, you're going to need some cryptocurrency. Now, don't worry, you don't need to be a Bitcoin millionaire. Even a small amount of a cryptocurrency like Ether will do. This is because Web3 uses blockchain technology, and cryptocurrencies are the native currency of the blockchain. It's your ticket to ride on this digital roller coaster.

Finally, you'll need a digital wallet. This is where you'll store your cryptocurrency. It's like your digital purse or wallet. Some Web3 browsers come with their own wallets, but you can also choose to use standalone wallets like MyEtherWallet or Coinbase Wallet.

So, to recap: a Web3 browser, a little bit of cryptocurrency, and a digital wallet. That's your ticket to the world of Web3. Ready to take the leap?

Blockchain and Web3

So, let's dive a bit deeper into the connection between blockchain and Web3. Remember when you were a kid and you created those paper chains as a fun craft project? Well, the blockchain isn't too far off from that. It's basically a chain of digital blocks, where each block is a record of transactions.

Now, you might be thinking, "What does a chain of blocks have to do with Web3?" Quite a lot actually! Here's why:

Firstly, security. Each block in the blockchain is connected to the one before and after it—making it extremely difficult to tamper with. So, if you're worried about security on the web, blockchain has got your back.

Then, there's transparency. Every transaction made on the blockchain is visible to everyone else on the network. Say goodbye to hidden charges or sneaky terms and conditions. Everything is out in the open.

And let's not forget about decentralization. Unlike Web2, where a handful of big companies control the internet, in Web3, everyone gets a say. That's right, no more digital dictators. With blockchain, power is spread out among the users.

To sum it up, blockchain is like the skeleton of Web3—it provides the structure and support that makes Web3 possible. So next time someone asks you "what is Web3?", you can tell them it's a safer, more transparent, and democratic version of the internet, all thanks to blockchain.

Web3 Applications

Now, let's talk about some of the cool things you can do with Web3. Remember how you used to play with Lego blocks as a kid, and you could build whatever you wanted? Well, Web3 is kind of like that, but for the internet.

Imagine being able to create your own online worlds, complete with virtual shops, houses, and even pets. You can do that with Decentralized Virtual Worlds, one of the many applications of Web3. It's like playing a video game, but you're not just a player—you're also a creator.

Ever thought about owning a piece of the internet? Well, with Decentralized Domains, you can. These are like the addresses of the Web3 world. And the best part? Once you buy one, it's yours forever. No more yearly subscription fees.

Then there's Decentralized Finance or DeFi. This is like your online bank, but without the bank. You can lend, borrow and even earn interest on your digital assets. And, remember the transparency we talked about earlier? Everything you do with DeFi is visible for everyone to see.

And let's not forget about Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs). These are unique digital assets that you can buy, sell, and trade like collectibles. Think digital art, music, or even tweets. Yes, tweets! With NFTs, anything digital can become a valuable asset.

So, when you think about "what is Web3?", remember that it's not just about safety and transparency. It's also about empowering you to do more and be more on the internet. And these applications are just the beginning. The possibilities with Web3 are as vast and varied as the internet itself.

Challenges and Opportunities with Web3

Like any new technology, Web3 has its share of challenges. But don't worry, they're not as scary as they sound.

For example, one challenge is the learning curve. Remember how you felt when you first started using the internet? It was a bit overwhelming, wasn't it? That's how some people feel about Web3 right now. But just like you got the hang of the internet, people will get the hang of Web3 too. It's just a matter of time and education.

Another challenge is scalability. Web3 can sometimes be slower than the current internet. But that's because it's doing a lot more—like verifying transactions and keeping records. It's like choosing to go on a scenic route instead of the highway. It might take a little longer, but the view is worth it.

Despite these challenges, the opportunities with Web3 are huge. For example, Web3 could make the internet more democratic. You know how some big corporations control large parts of the internet right now? Well, with Web3, that could change. Instead of a few big players, we could have many small ones. That's more power to you and me.

Web3 could also make the internet more secure. Remember those scary stories about data breaches and identity theft? With Web3, your personal information could be safer than ever before. That's because you're in control of your data—not some big corporation.

So, when you ask "what is Web3?", remember that it's not just a new technology. It's a new way of thinking about the internet. It's a new opportunity for us to shape the internet in a way that benefits everyone—not just the big players.

Web3 and the future of the Internet

So, you might be wondering, where does Web3 take us in the future? Let's paint a picture of what the Internet could look like with Web3.

Imagine a world where you're in control. A world where you decide what data you share and with whom. You're not just a user—you're a participant. You're not just consuming content—you're creating it. That's the promise of Web3.

And it's not just about control. It's about access too. With Web3, we could finally close the digital divide. The internet could become a truly global resource, accessible to everyone, everywhere. No more digital haves and have-nots. Just one global community, connected and empowered.

But the future of the Internet isn't just about what Web3 can do. It's about what we can do with Web3. It's about the apps we build, the communities we create, and the problems we solve. So when someone asks you, "What is Web3?", you can tell them: It's the Internet, rebooted. It's the Internet, the way it was meant to be.

Yes, we've got a long way to go. And yes, there will be bumps along the road. But the journey is worth it. The future is worth it. So let's embrace Web3. Let's shape the future of the Internet. Together.

If you're eager to dive deeper into the world of Web3 and its potential impact on the internet's future, we highly recommend checking out the workshop 'Start Your web3 Journey' by Tom Glendinning. This workshop will equip you with the knowledge and skills to navigate and understand the exciting new frontier of Web3 technology.